Where cannabis is and is not legal

Legal status of cannabis possession for non-medical use   Legal   Illegal but decriminalized   Illegal but often unenforced   Illegal
Legal status of cannabis possession for medical use   Legal as authorized by a physician   Legal for any use

The legality of cannabis for medical and recreational use varies by country, in terms of its possession, distribution, and cultivation, and (in regards to medical) how it can be consumed and what medical conditions it can be used for. These policies in most countries are regulated by the United Nations Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs that was ratified in 1961, along with the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances and the 1988 Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances.[1][2]

The use of cannabis for recreational purposes is prohibited in most countries; however, many have adopted a policy of decriminalization to make simple possession a non-criminal offense (often similar to a minor traffic violation). Others have much more severe penalties such as some Asian and Middle Eastern countries where possession of even small amounts is punished by imprisonment for several years.[3] Countries that have legalized recreational cannabis are Canada, Georgia, South Africa, and Uruguay, plus 11 states, 2 territories, and the District of Columbia in the United States and the Australian Capital Territory in Australia. Legality varies in these countries and subnational jurisdictions when it comes to commercial sale. A policy of limited enforcement has also been adopted in many countries, in particular the Netherlands where the sale of cannabis is tolerated at licensed coffeeshops.[4]

Countries that have legalized the medical use of cannabis include Argentina, Australia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Lithuania, Luxembourg, North Macedonia, Norway, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Peru, Portugal, Poland, Switzerland, Thailand, the United Kingdom, and Zambia. Others have more restrictive laws that only allow the use of certain cannabis-derived pharmaceutical drugs, such as Sativex, Marinol, or Epidiolex.[5] In the United States, 33 states and the District of Columbia have legalized the medical use of cannabis, but at the federal level its use remains prohibited for any purpose.[6]

By country[edit]

See also[edit]

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References[edit]

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  • Variants

    Effects

    Culture

    Pro-cannabis
    organizations

    Use demographics

    PoliticsRelated

    Club drugs

    Drug cultureDrug
    production
    and tradeIssues with
    drug use

    Legality of
    drug useLists of
    countries by…

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    Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legality_of_cannabis

    1 Comment

    1. Avatar Globalweedpharm Reply

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